Domesticating The Kampala Convention As A Pivotal Step In Protecting Persons Displaced By Conflict And Violence In Northern Nigeria
Esther Hatsiwa Emmanuel
The paper interrogates the internal displacement in northern Nigeria, through an appraisal of the extant laws particularly the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Africa (Kampala Convention) and other International, regional and domestic instruments. There is no specific National legal framework for the protection and assistance of internally displaced persons in Nigeria. The state is yet to domesticate the Kampala Convention, even though there is a bill pending before the National Assembly that seeks to do the same. The paper recognizes that efforts have been invested by national authorities in developing a National IDP Policy, which was finalized in 2012 but was never adopted. Nigeria should therefore operationalize the Kampala Convention because it provides a comprehensive framework that will bring improvement to the lives of IDP’s in Northern Nigeria.
Home Away From Home: An Analysis Of Uganda’s Respect Of Its Human Rights Obligations Towards Internally Displaced Persons
Faith Uwimana Mahoro
The strife of Internally Displaced Persons continues to be swept under the carpet over the years. The international, regional and national legal and policy framework in relation to these persons, however comprehensive, portrays limited efficacy. Owing to a number of both foreseeable and unforeseeable challenges, Uganda’s legal and policy framework in adherence to its international obligations has proved ineffective. As a result, Internally Displaced Persons continue to face a number of challenges which reveal the complexities relating to their sufficient protection.
Decimating The Enemy Below: Ottawa Convention And The Realization Of Landmine Ban In International Law
Olusola Babatunde Adegbite
The article presents an eclectic overview of the most comprehensive and boldest attempt at landmine ban that is the Ottawa Convention 1997. It examines how for the first time a major global movement, made up of International NGOs and less than powerful states, broke new grounds and produced this historic document. It shows how international treaty-making was successfully carried out, notwithstanding a lack of cooperation from the superpower nations. Importantly, it discusses how the international legal framework under the convention, effectively addresses the ban on landmines.
It notes that the convention not only expands the scope of the previously existing international legal framework but also creates cutting-edge international obligations while in uncommon firmness shuts out the vexed issue of reservations. It also highlights a major challenge before the convention which is the seeming aloofness and cavalier attitude of major superpowers such as the United States (US). It particularly examines the standoff between the US and the convention, submitting that the US stands to gain more by signing the convention, rather than its current state of disinterestedness and this would go a long way in realization of the objectives of the convention.