Human Rights Law
Examining The Impact Of Covid-19 On Refugees In Tanzania
Article by Leonard Chimanda Joseph
The impact of COVID-19 to the globe has been cross-cutting. A number of sectors and segments of the population have been affected albeit to varying degrees. The refugee population is one amongst those affected by the pandemic globally. Being stigmatized by the fact that they are in a country not of their origin, the effects of the pandemic potentially compounds the stigma and vulnerability of refugees. This paper examines the impact of COVID-19 on refugees in Tanzania. In so doing, it explores the means and methods that are used by refugees to cope with the situation. The research also explores the roles of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and the host community in general including the government in promoting refugees’ resilience in the face of the COVID-19. The research is undertaken using qualitative methods of data collection. Interviews by way of telephone and the administration of online questionnaire were the primary modes bearing in mind the requirement to maintain social distancing. Physical interaction was resorted only when mobile communication was impossible. Desk research formed part of the research methodology as well. The research inter alia finds out that, the COVID-19 highly impacted the income generation activities of refugees both in the camps and non-encamped. The pandemic also caused fear and insecurity to refugees and limited the humanitarian access from humanitarian providers. The pandemic negatively affected CSOs responsible for humanitarian assistance in Tanzania. Majority of these organizations closed their offices. The paper finally makes recommendations on curbing the stated problem.